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Chubeka Trails is the trailing arm of Big Game Parks, our flagship being horse trails on Mlilwane Wildlife Sanctuary. Mountain biking and hiking trail packages are soon to follow!

Our hourly rides are concentrated on the southern plains, sometimes crossing the river and including a little forest riding.  The Rock of Execution and overnight trails explore the beautiful mountains, providing uplifting elevation.  We cater for beginners and experienced riders, with horses of various breeds and sizes.  We do have a rider’s weight restriction of 95Kg.

Our Guides are all trained in-house.  Most join us without horse or environmental knowledge.  Our training focuses on client care, quiet respectful horse handling, skillful trail riding and field knowledge.  As a result, our guides enjoy hosting, sharing their knowledge and learning from our guests.

All rides are booked through our Central Reservations office or the Mlilwane Rest Camp Reception, where experience levels and weights are communicated.  Riders then meet at our Activities Centre, where indemnities are signed, and helmets issued.  A safety briefing is conducted and guests are allocated their horses at the near-by horse holding paddocks.  Horse rides depart daily, and require at least an hour’s notice, or 24 hours or more for overnight trails, depending on the number of nights. Conservation of Mlilwane provides more information on the habitats and species you may encounter on trail.

Mlilwane’s Rest Camp offers a range of affordable self-catering and catered accommodation with Sondzela Backpackers 2 km to the south, luxurious Reilly's Rock Hilltop Lodge and Down Gran’s Self-Catering Cottage a short 3km to the north of Rest Camp.  Camping is available in the Rest Camp and at Sondzela.

Situated between Mbabane and Manzini, the neighbouring tourist hubs of Ezulwini and Malkerns, with their many unique attractions and craft shops add nice variety to any holiday.

Chubeka Trails Information Sheet



Throughout Mlilwane’s history, Liz Reilly’s influence in the horse quality has been strong.  With a sharp eye for conformation and elegance, temperament and endurance, Liz leant towards Arab and ArabXBoerperd horses in the beginning.  In 2000, Warmblood lines were introduced for size and comfortable stride, again selected for strength and temperament.  During 2006 Chubeka Trails experienced a dreadful food poisoning through manufacturer error, having to rehome and replace 45 horses, most of which were home-bred and just coming in to work.  This resulted in bringing in horses of a variety of breeds as an interim measure, and we are aiming back to warmblood and arab lines.

Chubeka Trails now has 35 horses including purebred and crosses of Nooitgedaght, Boerperd, Warmblood and Arab breeds - and some unknown characters!  Our horses vary from 13hh to 16hh, with 15.2hh being our preferred size for the steep mountains.

The Herd

We run our horses as a herd, believing this goes a long way to creating happy, versatile horses.  The herd is split into 3 groups with one group being off every week.  This way they have less chance of becoming stale at work, and they socialize with the entire herd, translating to easy trailing.  The horses are rotated between paddocks on the farm, all of which are shared with wildlife which makes its way in.  On any given day, there are nyala, zebra, wildebeest, warthog and blesbuck in our paddocks, making the horses more accepting of wildlife.


Home-bred horses are trained in the traditional equitation style, with ground handling, lunging and slow backing.  A little schooling follows to instill balance and aids, then our young horses are ridden out with more experienced horses.  As their confidence grows, they are introduced to trails under our back up guides, and finally find their place in the trail string.

Horses which are bought in follow a similar training, depending on their background.  Generally we bring them in through the same process, joining the trail string as and when they are ready.


Kiddies Pony Rides

Every child dreams of riding a horse – and Chubeka Trails offers the perfect happy first experience.

Kiddies are crowned with helmets, placed in the saddle with reins and mane in hand and rock to the pony’s rhythm while our guides lead the pony on foot around the Rest Camp for about 15 minutes, passing warthogs and whatever is in the open Animal Inkhundla at the time!

Hourly Rides

Getting amongst the wildlife on horseback, or simply breathing in the scenery and fresh air is a true romantic African Safari.  Our rides adopt a pace suitable to the group, with complete beginners and experienced riders catered for.  The aim is on viewing the wildlife on the plains of Mlilwane from close proximity, but our guides - at their sole discretion - will happily pick up the pace if they feel the group is able.  The hourly horse rides are perfect for riders with limited experience or time constraints.

Rock of Execution Trail

Too many people visit Mlilwane without climbing Nyonyane Mountain.  Our Rock of Execution Challenge is a wonderful 3-4 hour trail summiting Nyonyane Mountain, complete with impressive views of the Ezulwini Valley below. 

The trail crosses the Central Plains, following game paths and cut trails to the saddle below the summit, where the horses are released in a small paddock.  Riders then hike the last stretch to the summit for the ultimate 360 degree views.  It is here where Nyonyane Mountain earned its infamous name 'Rock of Execution', being the site from which unfortunate criminals were nudged at spear-point from the peak to the rocks below.  “Nyonyane” means “little bird”… the rest perhaps requires no explanation! 

Being a small mountain adjacent to fertile plains, Nyonyane Mountain has an intriguing history of several tribes and cultural significance, the stories of which are shared during lunch.

Sunset Trail

A 1-hour late afternoon ride through the plains, arrives at Manzane Warm Springs in time for sunset, refreshments and dinner.  Riders dismount and hand their horses over to grooms who return them to the stables.  Guests are welcome to take a dip in the warm spring before a wholesome fireside dinner is served under the stars.  A Land Rover transfer returns to Rest Camp after dinner.

Sunset Trails are run during the winter months when there is less chance of afternoon thunderstorms and to avoid the high African Horse Sickness season.  Due to logistics, this is a group ride for 4-8 people.

Please contact Central Reservations for bookings


"Trailing thru the Kingdom" means riding in the mountains, through Mlilwane Wildlife Sanctuary and into neighbouring rural community, swimming in mountain springs (Bilharzia may be present) and camping in exquisite mountain retreats.  Trailing with Chubeka Trails is a Must-Not-Miss experience!

Our motto is “Rough it a little, remember it forever!”  All trails begin at Rest Camp Reception, where our guide meets our guests, offers refreshments and explains the process.  Small overnight bags are left at Reception and will follow in the support vehicle.

The terrain is steep in places following game or cattle paths, roads and riding cross-country.  Riders may be requested to dismount for the sake of their horses.

The emphasis is on being rugged, yet comfortable, with Swazi style food prepared on an open fire, sitting under the star-studded African skies while recalling the adventures of the day as it vanishes over the mountains.  Riders are encouraged to live the experience to the full by taking part grooming, feeding, saddling up and preparing food on all overnight trails.

Group size Tented trails 2 - 8 riders; Cave Trail 2-6 riders.  Bookings for the Overnight Trails need to be at least 48 hours in advance, although longer notice is advisable to avoid disappointment.

Cave Trail (1 night)

Our popular Rock of Execution Trail gets one better – stopping midway for a night in a Bushman Cave!  Riding through the plains and onto the Nyonyane Mountain, this trail includes steep inclines and declines, adventurous paths, bridge crossing and dirt road riding, therefore most of the trail is slow, with some chances for opening up.  For the less adventurous riders there is the possibility of following a road most of the trail.

The 3-hour afternoon ride is broken for lunch.  The day ends with a short sharp hike, rewarded with a unique night camping in a Bushman Cave.  The Cave is a large granite overhang with a fresh water stream flowing through - truly awesome!  Overlooking Swaziland’s traditional capital, Lobamba, the evening is enriched with the calls of jackal and zebra on the plains, and the distant bray of donkeys and chickens… only in Africa!

Everything happens in the Cave – campfire, dining and sleeping.  Meals include a poitjie dinner and a campfire breakfast, with light lunches carried on the horses.  Canvas bedrolls are provided for each client, spread out on the sand floor of the Cave.  Guides share the Cave with clients, so there is little privacy on this adventurous trail.  Ablutions include a wash basin and a pit latrine appropriately located away from the Cave. 

The second day's ride returns via an alternate route, arriving at the Rest Camp mid-morning.

Showers are provided on return to the Rest Camp, with the option of a relaxing swim in Manzane Warm Spring.

Klipspringer Trail (2 nights)

Following a similar route to the Cave Trail, the Klipspringer Trail crosses onto Mlilwane North - a beautiful area of highveld with very little habitation. A highlight of the trail is an exciting river crossing over the Usushwana River (the Little Usuthu), where clients are requested to dismount and could get their feet wet!  A steep forest climb may necessitate dismounting too, and the effort is well rewarded when the forest opens out to the uninhabited mountains of Mlilwane North. 

Both nights are spent in dome tents in our rustic trail camp on the banks of the Usushwana River without any other sign of people! This camp is set in a deep valley, right on the riverbank, with little in the way of structural development, other than a horse paddock, a pit latrine and a romantic open-air shower.

On the second day, the trail explores the mountains and watershed area, observing both rural and developing Africa (± 5 hours) including a short ride through community area.  Chose between lunch out in the mountains or returning to camp for a leisurely afternoon on the banks of the river.  The third day returns to the Rest Camp with some variation to the route followed on the first day.

This trail departs from Rest Camp at 11h00, returning approximately 14h00 on the third day, with between 4-6 hours riding per day.  The route includes steep inclines, a little walking to rest your steeds’ back and time to marvel at the stunning scenery! 

Swazi Culture & Scenery Trail (3 & 4 nights)

This exciting trail has been developed for the experienced rider, looking for longer distances and more interaction with local communities.  Day 1 follows the Klipspringer Trail route, but climbs further onto the ridges, extending to Sala Kahle Camp at the north-west tip of Mlilwane North. 

Sala Kahle Camp is a unique modification of a wattle forest, gutted for the camp, leaving enough trees to provide a wind barrier and giving the camp an almost mythical character.  Tents are erected on a flattened area, with tree showers down a forest path close by.  Pit latrines are conveniently situated between the social area and the tents.  The large open area provides space for the horses at the top and the campfire and dining area below, all within the wind shelter.

Depending on the length of the trail, both Day 2 and Day 3 leave Mlilwane North in different directions, exploring rural Swaziland, following cattle paths, weaving between homesteads, riding through commercial pine and Eucalyptus forests and embracing spontaneous encounters with locals. Riding through community areas brings with it dog encounters, which may present some exciting and challenging moments.

The last day heads back to Rest Camp with a variation of the route, dropping off the mountains back to the game-studded middleveld plains.

This trail departs from Rest Camp at 10h00, returning approximately 15h00 on the last day, with between 5-7 hours riding per day.  The route includes steep inclines and flat roads perfect for faster paces.


The camping is as comfortable as rustic can be - we are intent on enjoying nature with a little roughing it! Canvas dome tents are used on the 2-4 night trails.  For all trails, we use canvas bedrolls, complete with pillow, mattress, sheets, duvets or sleeping bags.  Towels are provided for each guest.  For more please see Tack & Equipment.


Catering is basic, wholesome and in keeping with the trail concept – fresh fruit and vegetables, with meals prepared on the open fire where possible.  Food preferences and allergies need to be communicated when making the booking.  All catering is included, although riders may bring their own delicacies and alcoholic drinks.

Rider Experience

Our Cave and Klipspringer Trails are suitable for all levels of rider, including adventurous beginners.  We simply take it at a slower pace and stop more often, and the scenery does the rest.

The Swazi Culture & Scenery Trails are suitable for riders with experience, due to the longer hours in the saddle.

It is essential that an honest indication of riding experience and ability is communicated at the time of booking and confirmed with your guide.


The availability of the overnight trails depends on the levels of rivers, weather and times of year.  For this reason the trails longer than one night run between April and October annually.  The Cave Trail is weather dependent, with the clay soils becoming too slippery in wet conditions.

What to Bring

An Adventurous attitude; Neutral coloured clothes; Comfortable trousers suitable for riding; loose light fitting, preferably long-sleeve cotton shirts; Closed shoes with a strong sole and a heel suitable for riding and walking; Helmet; Sun hat; Sun cream; Insect repellant; Personal toiletries; Swimming costume; Camera; Torch; Basic medical kit

Optional - sleeping bag; snacks; preffered alcohol; reading material

Please contact Central Reservations for bookings


Riding Gear

Comfortable riding requires stretchy, tight fitting long trousers or jodphurs, to avoid pinching from the stirrup leathers.  Back pockets should not have exaggerated buttons which can damage the saddle.  Closed shoes with a small heal are essential for safety, and should be comfortable to walk in.  All riders are expected to wear helmets, either their own or using ours. Chaps or half-chaps are a nice to have for greater comfort and ‘stickability’.  We highly recommend long sleeve cotton shirts to safeguard from heat and to prevent sunburn.

Tents & Beds

Two people share a 4-man canvas dome tent, with attached floors.  Tent windows and doors are netting with additional canvas flaps secured by valcro.  Two mattresses are laid on the floor of the tent, a high-density foam beneath a good camping mattress.  Cotton sheets cover the mattresses and either sleeping bags or duvets provide warmth.  A pillow and towel are provided.  Single tents are available on request and attract a single supplement.


Tree showers are set up in shower cubicles for the multi-night trails.  Water is boiled in a large drum close by, and transferred to the shower bag in a bucket.  The shower itself is hooked to a pulley system, which lowers the bag for easy filling and hoists it back up for a shower.  Unique soap dishes and clothing rails will delight our guests!

Toilet facilities include a large toilet seat placed over a pit latrine, hidden in a spacious cubicle.


All our horses are ridden in leather bridles with snaffles, over a rope halter with attached lead rein for stops along the way.  Our reins are webbing with cleats for that extra grip.  Leon Liversage Enduro saddles make for comfortable trail riding, with small bags in front of every saddle for water and personal belongings.  Larger saddlebags are carried on a few horses as necessary, evenly secured over the seat out of the rider’s way. 


Chubeka Trails is based on Mlilwane Wildlife Sanctuary. Please see Mlilwane Wildlife Sanctuary Directions page for specific directions.

Swaziland has 12 borders, making access easy from almost anywhere along ourboundry from wither South Africa or Mozambique. To assist, we have created a "Suggested Borders" document for you.

Suggested Borders




The reviews below are taken from over-night trail guest questionnaires, where our guests rate us on numerous aspects of our trail (guides, horses, food, route etc) and to give any general comments as well as the highlights of their trail.

16 June 2016:

Sleeping in the cave, eating yummy food & seeing the animals up close. We loved the beauty and the fun guides

10 September 2016:

The horses, the guide, the trail. Best experience we’ve had in Africa

19 November 2016:

Excellent in every way, Well done! Baby Zebra & Speedy canters. Excellent Excellent Excellent! We just loved every moment.

24 November 2016:

Sleeping in the cave, climbing execution rock, seeing lots of animals. Very nice trail in a very beautiful area of Swaziland.

2016 Cave Trail Reviews